This is the most asked question today in 2021. According to Guinness Book of World Record, 54% of American adults rank public speaking ahead of the fear of death among life major fields.
Before narrating the answer extensively, we must know what ” Public Speaking ” is. Does it merely mean – ” Speaking done publicly “? How many people must be present to make something public? Is it a dozen or fifty or hundred or even one person? These questions will obviously come to the surface as the term ” Public Speaking ” is the combination of two terms _ “Public ” and ” Speaking “.
The speech is public when the speech is meant and intended for general dissemination and when any speech is not confidential, then we call that speech ” Public Speaking “.
Does the term speaking mean – “ Only moving of lips “? No, certainly not. Speaking actually means the art of effective communication i.e. rhetoric which has some philosophical and structural discipline.
Thus it is the fusion of natural innate talent and learnable ( Learn + Develop + Implement ) skill. Speaking in Public is all about going on the stage and producing your thoughts in an organized way in the stipulated time.
What is Stage ?
Whenever you are separating yourself from the audience or crowd and stand-alone irrespective of the size of the audience or seating arrangement of the audience, that is exactly called a “ Stage “.
The audience may be your school friends as family gatherings. Speaking from a stage is really a learnable skill. If you want to be a leader or make yourself separate from the crowd, you need a ” Stage “.
Is Public Speaking New to Us ?
The simple answer to this question is “ No “. Public Speaking is not at all a new phenomenon. It has been in practice since ancient world such as Greek Civilization, Roman Civilization, Egyptian Civilization, Mesopotamian Civilization.
It was the most vital subject for the students in those days. During the ” Golden Age ” of Greek civilization, all the great stalwarts like Demosthenes, Cicero, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Sophist, Sophocles were outstanding orators.
They used to talk from pin to elephant, from mushroom to geometry. They began to observe all kinds of rules to make themselves a good orator.
It is true that the style and pattern of Public Speaking have been changed over the years due to technological upliftment like microphones, amplifiers, radio, public addressing mike, television, computers, etc.
What are the Six Basic Elements of Public Speaking?
There are mainly six ( 6 ) basic elements of Public Speaking. They are as follows: –
1. The Speaker :-
The speaker is the first element without whom there will be no public speaking. S/he is the pivot of speaking in front of the Public. A good speaker makes us see with our ears.
2. The Message :-
The message is the second important element of public speaking. Through the speaker, the message is reached to the audience. It is the duty of the speaker to frame the message and disseminate it properly to the audience for whom the speaker wants to say something.
3 . The Audience:-
The audience is the primary receiver of the speech thrown by the speaker. The audience is the key factor in speaking publicly. Through their body language, posture, and gesture the speaker can easily understand whether his or her speech is effective or acting negatively.
4. The Feedback:-
The feedback of the audience is another essential element in ” Public Speaking”. The feedback of the audience matters a lot. If the public speaker stands silent in the corner after his or her speech and none shows any interest to come and talk to him or her, then the speaker can easily assume that his or her speech is not good enough to satiate the aspirations of the audience.
There should not be any hustle and bustle during public speaking. The speaker must be given complete co-operation by the audience by keeping a complete dead silence at the time of delivering his or her speech. The speaker’s attention may be defocused from the topic if there will be too much noise and frequent clapping.
6. The Place or Situation:-
This is also an important element of Public Speaking. The place where s/he has to deliver the speech must be conducive. The situation must be created to accept the significance of the speech of the speaker. The effect of speech will not hold good ultimately if neither the place nor the situation acts favorably to the public speaker.
Is Public Speaking Both an ” Art ” and ” Science”?
This is the most asked question centering around Public Speaking. It is a unique skill. It is not at all an easy task. Some people are born with it and some are not. It can be learned through Public Speaking training and practice. Some people are not able to get connected easily. Those who understand the veins of “Art” and “Science” in “Public Speaking“, can get connected with the audience easily.
Why is Public Speaking called “Science”?
The speaker’s ability to craft the speech in a way that is understandable and clear to the audience. It emphasizes the following features for which “ Public Speaking” is called “ Science”.
Structure of Speech:-
There is a specified structure of a good speech full of content. “Public Speaking” is not at all a good and effective speech if it is devoid of an organized structure. The unstructured speech cannot sustain in the mindset of the audience.
Writing of the Speech:-
There should be well-knit coherent writing which is converted into an effective speech by the “Public Speaker“. Thoughtful content with powerful diction plays a vital organ of “Public Speaking“. Well-designed coherent content is a piece of science.
Articulation or Diction of the Speech:-
Articulation is completely a scientific process. It has a systematic process. The level of pitch, pause, and nasalization are combined in the articulation. The choice of correct words in the appropriate context is also a matter of science.
Why is Public Speaking an ” Art “?
Public speaking is undoubtedly an art. Speaker’s ability to capture an audience and keep them interested and entertained is an art.
The personality of the speaker matters a lot in public speaking because the art of public speaking comes from the speaker’s personality. His/Her diction, gait, posture, stunt, dress really reflects his or her personality.
The passion of the speaker also encompasses art. An artistic sense generates from the level of passion. In public speaking, the innate passion flows out from inside through your tongue.
The level of confidence is also a component of art. It’s an art to show the level of confidence at the right moment and right spot.
The perfect connection or interaction with the audience is an art. It’s not an easy ball game. It’s inculcated through rigorous practice in an artistic manner.
The enthusiasm of the audience is also a part of art. The speaker has to fill in the inquisitive audience with a plethora of new information.
6. Eye Contact:-
The eye contact between the speaker and the audience is an art. The speaker has to be intelligent enough to understand the pulse of the audience’s choice through eye contact.
What are the Rules of Public Speaking?
There are six rules of public speaking. These six rules of public speaking will guide and train any budding public speakers if they take public speaking as their future career.
1. Build Your Idea:-
You always try to focus on your well-prepared idea which is convincing and purposeful to others. You have to frame your idea with your familiar concept. You should always make some creative ideas. A competent public speaker always delivers some unique message and ideas. S/he has to deliver a new idea with a thoughtful mind.
2. Hook Audience:-
A good public speaker always hooks the audience with captivating and charismatic speech. S/he always has to keep well connected with the audience. The public speaker has to devise multiple ways to be adhesive with the audience.
3. Showing Your Knowledge:-
Knowledge plays a vital role in public speaking. Practical knowledge is rather more important than bookish knowledge. A good public speaker has to know a bit of ancient wisdom and modern science.
4. Make Actionable Content:-
A vibrant public speaker always provides actionable content to the audience which will help the audience to improve on what they do or the way in which they think. The content has to ascend from complex to simple. Content and speaking should be open-ended to grow more engagement with the audience.
5. Speech Should be Didactic:-
The competent public speaker’s speech has to be didactic and prove yourself a successful giver without cutting others down. A good public speaker has to expand the content that benefits them. It’s always better not to be excessive preachy.
6. Avoid Tautology:-
A public speaker must have a natural voice and his or her speech must be free from tautology. S/he has to fight shy of any repetition. A good and experienced public speaker can’t make their audience bored.
About the Author
Hi! I am Indrajit Ganguly. People all across the globe know me by my professional nickname IG. I am a spoken English trainer in Kolkata and Blogger. I love to write blogs and articles that attract me.