Do we need to expunge Private Tuition from the Indian Education system? This is the most debatable question of this decade. This question itself is the biggest paradox because it’s still opaque to all of us whether “ Private Tuition ” has a blissful effect or baneful effect on the Indian Education System and our Indian economy. According to the Cambridge International report of 2018, almost 55% of students of India take private tuition to complement their school education. Private tuition is a booming business in India. That is why Byju has acquired a 33-year-old chain of physical coaching center “ Akash Educational Services” at the cost of 1 billion dollars.
89% of High School students in West Bengal take private tuition. In Tripura this figure is 87%, in Bihar, this figure is 67.2%, in Odisha, this figure is 63.4%, and in Manipur, this figure is 54.7%. Indian parents spend 12% of household expenditure on private tuitions per annum. Indian families spend Rs 25000 crores on private tuitions per annum. Parents in megacities spend Rs 3000 per month on private tuitions for primary school students, Rs 5000 per month for middle school students. In Japan, 70% of students take private tuitions, in Malaysia, the figure is 83%, in South Korea, the figure is 92.8%.
Parents of India are mortgaging their properties due to the private tuition tsunami. It has become an ordeal for middle-class parents to bear the exorbitant cost of private tuition. According to India Human Development Survey, 71 million students in India take private tuitions in India. Students spend nearly 9 hours in private tuitions per week which is tantamount to one and a half school days. One in 4 Indian students take private tuitions. The private tuition fees for IIT, JEE, and NIIT are around 3.35 lakhs in two years. Why the ” Private Tuition ” in India is fueled and fomented? Let us anatomize the subject of discussion in extenso.
What is Private Tuition ?
” Private Tuition ” is a parallel system of education . Parents want to bolster their sons or daughters in lieu of some extra money for their academic and consequently their career upliftment . Children are provided extra academic care and buttress by their parents so that they can prosper and do better in their examinations . Private tutors or trainers provide individualized attention , unique study materials , learning techniques to embolden students’ subject comprehension , upscale performance and over and above ameliorate the entire level of his or her confidence .
Importance of ” Private Tuition ” in the Indian Education System :-
The significance of “ Private Tuition ” is undeniable . Private Tuition has a profound importance in the Indian Education system . Some academicians strongly advocate the paramount importance of “ Private Tuition ” by citing multiple advantageous points in favour of this ” Private Tuition “. They are as follows :-
- One – On – One Attention
- Better performance in School
- More Future Avenues
- Individualized Approach and Pace
- better Comprehension
- Enhance Confidence and Self – esteem
- Fewer distractions
- Boost Up Intrinsic motivation
- Unique Learning Experience
- Customized Teaching Method
Is ” Private Tuition ” a New Coinage in the Indian Education System ?
” Private Tuition ” is an age old profession . This profession has been in vogue from time immemorial . So this is not at all a new coinage in the education system of India . If you delve deep into the pages of history , you can get plethora of paradigms of stalwarts of different niche who were under the tutelage of the private tutors . All these great personalities were fenced entirely in their childhood by the the expert private tutors . The first “ Nobel Laureate ” of India Rabindranath Tagore had twenty private tutors in his childhood in different disciplines . Swami Vivekananda , Michael Madhusudan Dutta and so many dignified personalities in the past had their private tutor in their childhood .
Why are the Private School Teachers of Indian Schools Inclined to Adopt ” Private Tuition ” ?
“ Private Tuition ” grew as a parasite on Indian Education System . But with the passage of time it has thrived and flourished gradually so vigorously that of late it threatens to be the killer of its own host – the education system of India itself . But which factors are responsible for the proliferation of this “ private Tuition “ ? Of course government’s protracted nonchalant attitude is solely responsible for this abnormal growth of this profession . The collaborative factors which force the private school teachers to adopt this additional profession after the completion of the school hours to eke out their livelihood are as follows :-
1. Unaffiliated Schools :-
There was a handful of private schools around our locality thirty ( 30 ) years ago . But of late there is a mushroom of growth of Private English medium training schools , Private Bengali medium school , Private Oriya medium schools etc . These schools are running and roaring in full swing under the nose of the administration and government . All these schools have neither any sort of affiliation nor have any proper and authentic paper work . The teachers of these sort of schools get their emoluments even worse than a sweeper .
Who is responsible for such a ignominious pay structure of the teachers of these schools for which they are inclined to take the profession of private tuition for an extra income to satiate their maintenance of livelihood ? Of course the simple answer is “ Government ” and the ” Administration ” . Does not the government monitor these unaffiliated schools ? The answer is – “ No “. Does not government know the poor salary given by these private schools ? The answer is ” Yes”. But in spite of knowing the fact the government doesn’t take any stringent steps against these private schools . The reason is best known to them .
2. Ignominious Salary of the Private School Teachers :-
The ignominious salary of the private school teachers is really shameful for any country and it implies how a country shows respect , honour and homage to a teacher . A teacher is getting Rs . 8000/- ( 10 US Dollar ) as a salary from a private school after the completion of the tenure of his thirty ( 30 ) years of teaching profession . The hapless teachers of these private schools get a modicum salary . The salary of these private school teachers is so paltry that their salary is even worse than the monthly income of a rickshaw puller in India . Actually , the private school teachers don’t get salary .
In many renowned schools in India the teachers get daily wages . There are a few private schools like St. Xaviers , Don Bosco , La Martina – provide a handsome salary to the teachers because of their proper affiliation and proper infrastructure . But most of the non-affiliated private schools in India provide such an emolument which is worse than a sweeper of India . In this situation the only resort to them to maintain their livelihood is “ Private Tuition “. The worst salary structure of the teachers is mainly of those schools which are state board medium private schools like Private Bengali medium school , private Oriya medium school etc. At the time of initiation of his or her journey as a regular full time teacher a school provides only Rs 1000/- per month ( 14 US dollars per month ) . That is why the private school teachers are committed to pursue the ” Private Tuition ” profession as their mother profession . To them teaching in schools becomes secondary profession . How could one expect that a teacher of this sort of school pay proper attention towards the students in this school ? In no way it is possible for him . Does not the government know about this ? The answer is ” Yes ” . But the reason is best known to government for such an catastrophic indifference .
3. No Appointment Letter is Provided to the Private School Teachers :-
In a huge number of renowned private schools , the teachers are not given any appointment letters . At the time of recruitment the school management blatantly tells the would be selected school teacher that they will not provide him or her neither appointment letter nor good amount of salary . But s/he will get plenty of tuition after starting his or her teaching in their school as a teacher .
Thus the teacher simply explores and uses the brand value of the school where they work and earn money through “ Private Tuition ” . Who is responsible for this action ? Obviously , the private school management who insist the school teachers to grab ” Private Tuition “ as their mother profession .
4. No Job Security for Private School Teachers :-
The teachers are recruited in many branded private schools without any appointment letter. Only through a verbal or maximum eye-washing interview, the teachers are allowed to teach in the school. They are not given any appointment letters because the management can easily dismiss him or them at any time for a petty issue. Consequently, they have no Provident fund, gratuity, and other retirement benefits.
This deplorable configuration of the private school often prompts them to start ” Private Tuition ” to protect their future. Who is mainly responsible for that? the answer is known to all.
5. Wide Discrimination between Government School Teachers and Private School Teachers :-
There is a sea difference between a private school teachers and government school teachers . A government school teachers’ salary is almost ten times in compare to private school teachers ( After the completion of five years of journey in a school as a teacher ) . This wide disparity often draws the private school teachers at the brink of frustration . As a consequence , they are inclined to private tuition to equate their income with the government school teachers .
In this way , we can see the pernicious condition of of the education system of India . “ Private Tuition “ can’t be earmarked as a villain of our education system . The arch culprit of the education system is the private school and lack of thorough monitoring by the administration because everything is going unabated under the nose of the prevailing system . In India we celebrate “ Teacher’s Day ” every year with pomp and pleasure but hardly pay attention to the sordid fate and fortune of the private school teachers .
I am dead sure that a day comes when a boy or a girl never likes to be a teacher in future in India . At that moment the country will understand the importance of teachers and their respective honour . Only a lofty praise to a teacher by calling them a ” Nation Builder ” will not practically satisfy them . The government and the administration has to bridle the situation with an iron hand ; otherwise this “ Nation Builder ” will be converted into a “ Nation Destroyer ” . So the crux of the problem is not the ” Private Tuition ” but the abettor of executing the ” Private Tuition ” i.e. the private schools and the insouciant and nonchalant prevailing education system of the country . Should we obliterate private tuition from the education system ? The answer is ” No ” . It is well neigh impossible . The private school teachers are able to contribute in the Indian Economy substantially in spite of their income from the school is deplorably low . No one can stop this age old profession by any means from the face of the Indian Education System ; rather it’s more important to monitor and supervise strictly of the private schools of India which is the breeding ground of this alleged villain ” Private Tuition “.
About the Author
Hi ! I am Indrajit Ganguly. People all across the globe know me by my professional nickname IG. I am a spoken English online language trainer and Blogger. I love to write article which attracts me.